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[建立中....]紅葡萄品種一覽

紅葡萄品種一覽

Cabernet Franc

原產自法國波爾多區,比卡本內-蘇維濃早熟,適合較冷的氣候,單寧和酸度含量較低。年輕時經常有覆盆子或紫羅蘭的香味,有時也帶有鉛筆心的味道。肉質豐厚是它口感上的主要特色。在波爾多主要用來和卡本內-蘇維濃和美露混合,其中以聖艾美濃所產最佳。羅亞爾河也有大量種植,以希濃(Chinon)和(Bourgueilo)最為著名。義大利東北部是法國以外最大產區 (當時有時稱字為Bordo)。

Carbernet Sauvignon


原產自法國波爾多,是全世界最受歡迎的黑色釀酒葡萄,生長容易,適合多種不同氣候,已於各地普遍種植。所產葡萄品種特性強容易辨別,酚類物質含量高,顏色深,單寧強,酒體強健渾厚,須經過數年才適合飲用。其酒香以黑色水果 (如黑茶X子Cassis,黑櫻桃和李子等),植物性香 (如青草和青椒) 及烘焙香 (如菸草,咖啡和煙燻味等)為主。特優產區可經數十年以上的陳年。波爾多全區普遍種植,其中上梅多克 (Huat-Medoc)產區富含排水良好的礫石,是卡本內-蘇維濃最著名的產區,通常混合美露 (Merlot),卡本內-弗朗 (Cabernet-Franc) 等品種以求葡萄酒的和諧及豐富性。法國西南區,蘭格多克 (Languedoc) 及普羅旺斯 (Provence) 栽培也很盛。此外全球多數產酒區皆普遍種植,多以生產單一品種葡萄酒為主。以加洲那岶谷 (Napa Valley),澳洲蔻納瓦那 (Coonawarra),紐西蘭的霍克斯灣 (Hawkes Bay) 及義大利托斯卡納 (Tuscany) 所產的特級餐酒最佳。

Gamay


原產自法國勃根第,則主產於薄酒來。所產葡萄酒顏色呈淡紫紅色,單寧含量非常低,口感清淡,富含新鮮果香。通常不適久存,簡單易飲,屬於酒齡年輕時即喝的葡萄酒。但若生長在火成頁岩,石灰含量少的土質上,加美種他能生產出豐厚濃郁耐久存的紅酒,如幾個薄酒來的特級產區 Moulin-a-Vent,St.Amour等等。薄酒來區之外,以羅亞爾河谷種類最多。至於加洲產的Gamay Beaujolais是黑皮諾的一種,並非真正的加美種。


Grenache

原產於西班牙東北部的Carinena,但目前最主要的產區是法國南部的蘭格多克和魯西雍 (Roussillon)產區,是目前世界種類面積最大的紅葡萄品種,同時在法國東南區也扮演重要的角色。成熟期晚,適合炎熱乾燥的氣候。其酒精含量非常高,但顏色和單寧的含量則經常不足,是製造玫瑰紅酒的最佳品種。另外也經常混合其他品種,如田帕尼優 (Tempranillo),希哈等以補充其不足。除生產干紅酒外,也用來生產甜紅酒。利奧哈,Vega Sicilia和教皇新城是其最優產地。


Merlot



原產自法國波爾多產區,為該區種植最廣的葡萄品種,早熟且產量大。和卡本內-蘇維翁比起來,美露種以果香著稱,酒精含量高,單寧質地較柔順,口感以圓滑厚實為主,酸度也較低,雖極適久存陳年,但不似卡本內-蘇維翁動輒十年二十年,較快達到適飲期。近年來逐漸流行,常供不應求。 波爾多的玻梅路 (Pomerlot) 和聖艾美濃 (St. Emilion) 產區較梅多克涼爽,適合美露生長,卡本內-弗朗是最著名也是最優產地。此區美露主要混合卡本內弗朗 Cabernet Franc) 和少量的卡本內-蘇維翁,以加強平衡感和豐富其香味。另外在梅多克和葛拉維 (Graves) 產區雖種植面積較少,但常用來添加於卡本內-蘇維翁,使其近圓潤並豐富其果香。
法國蘭格多克產區大量種植,已超過波爾多,以生產但一品種地區餐酒為`主。義大利北部也有種植,口味通常較為清淡。此外各新興產酒區也有種植,面積逐年增加。

Nebbiolo

原產自義大利東北皮蒙省 (Piedmont),在當地又稱為 Spanna,屬晚熟的品種,適合種植於向南的斜坡。所產葡萄酒單寧,紅色素和酸的含量都非常高,顏色深黑,香味豐富濃郁,常有黑色漿果,紫羅蘭和松露的香味,口感結構嚴謹濃烈,酸度強,耐久存,是義大利最好的品種。巴厚鏤(Barolo)和巴巴瑞斯柯(Barbaresco)是最著名的卡本內-蘇維濃。主要種植區僅限於其原產地皮蒙省和西北各省的產酒區。


Pinot Noir


原產自法國勃根第,為該區唯一的紅酒品種。屬早熟型,產量小且不穩定,適合較寒冷氣候,於石灰黏土的發揮最佳。由於存在久遠有去多特性不同的無性繁殖係。對成長環境的要求較多,種植不如卡本內-蘇維翁普遍。其品種特性不強,易隨環境而變,在良好的條件下黑皮諾雖然顏色不深,卻有嚴謹的結構和豐厚的口感,極適陳年。其酒香於年輕時以紅色水果香為主,如覆盆子及櫻桃等。陳年後的酒香則變為豐富,除動物香之外,櫻桃酒及松露(truffe)香也常見。 除紅酒外,客皮諾經直接榨汁也適合釀製白色或枚瑰氣泡酒,是香檳區的重要品種之一,多與夏多內及Pinot Meunier混合,較其他品種豐厚且適陳年。勃根第的金丘縣 (Cote d' or)是黑皮諾的最佳產區,在德國及奧地利稱之為 Spatburgunder,為主要黑色品種。南本球以紐西蘭所產最佳,北美則以美國的奧勒崗洲最優。

Syrah / Shiraz

法國隆河谷地產區北部是其原產地,也是最佳產地 (傳說自伊朗傳入)。希哈適合溫和的氣候,於火成岩斜坡發揮最佳。酒色深紅近黑,酒香濃郁且豐富多變,年輕時以紫羅蘭花香和黑色漿果為主,隨著陳年慢慢發展成胡椒,焦油及皮革等成熟香。口感結構緊密且豐厚,單寧含量驚人,抗氧化性強,非常適合久存陳年,飲用前須經長期橡木桶及瓶中保養。
法國以外以澳洲所產最為重要,在其原產地以羅第丘(Cote Rotie)及艾米達吉(I' Hermitage)最為著名,是全球最優產地,可媲美最高級的波爾多紅酒。希哈在此是唯一的黑色品種,偶爾添加少量的Viognier使口感更圓潤。法國環地中海各產區種植普遍,經常混合其他品種如格那希 (Grenach), Mouverde 和佳麗濃 (Carignan)等。 法國以外澳洲所產最重要,當地稱為Shiraz或I' Hermitage,常混合卡本內-蘇維濃,以獵人谷(Hunter Valley)及南澳大利亞所產最佳。


Tannant

Tempranillo

Zinfandel






好多時酒瓶上大多數都會同時列出所使用葡萄名稱,例如紅酒有 Shiraz (法文是Syrah),Merlot,Cabernet Sauvignon 簡稱(Cab.Sau 或 Cabernet),呢三款最常見及各有特色,Shiraz 口感最有勁度,莓子味濃厚,Merlot 代表入口柔順,Cab . Sau 則丹寧充足 。 此外仲有其他名字如 Mablec,Carmenere,Pinot Noir 等等。 值得留意是一些酒莊喜歡兩種葡萄混合製酒,例如 Shiraz Cabernet 即是Shiraz 與 Cabernet Sauvignon既混合^^

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How such a talented advertising gone it ~

1, broken listing price, 998!!!

2, if you buy in Bofen the counter below this price, do not give you money today!

3, if you missed the 39, then congratulations! You can not buy a.

4, Hou total national audience for my friends work hard, read all turn to sweat!

5, to the ancestors, you just flash to my eyes, If I can not take damage.

6, Hou said the total in the program book to prove it to be.

7, I report to the audience ..... .

8, the total I Hou Diao, backwards than I am. (and the book's table compares)

9, the general protection of all the watches make a year, Lao Sidan Dayton is the table of your Rolls-Royce, we do two years. two-year global protection!

10, when you first see when you dumbfounded. My God!

11, another look, all sell over 11.

12, to 11 pull, good or bad host? Give me fine!!! (host is not a bird he)

13, in order to build a harmonious society, not to talk about the price.

14, the entire luxury to not only watch!

15, so you imagine you wearing this watch today at your hand, really people do not notice your eyes are very difficult!

16, wear this watch, 24 hours a day you are standing on top of the pyramid!

17, I know that many customers can not buy, keep hammering has been criticized. Hou General Asha today, because celebrating the international star XXX endorsement. so today in Asha. I offer, I tell you ...... 11 pull!

18, to the ancestors, not to talk about market pull, the words I speak today of non-market to sell you not.

19, do not talk about this, no time. up into the close. let me say about protection,replica breitling diamond, quickly sold out.

20, I received a soft world orders, the total number Hou compatriots love China, this small group of goods sold in China, and the world I orders.

21, you can collect a hundred years, you have to inheritance, handed down no problem!

22, Laosi Dan Burton for China's economic take-off contribution to efforts to build a harmonious society!

23,5 off, bang! bang! bang!

24, a teacher to do 39 days, with feelings, with the effort to complete. insert a crooked, scrapped redo the entire section!

25, stars in the design, the diamond has been how to make your eyes have been really can not see the flash to fast!

26, even the clasp is studded with what What top, Laosi Dan Burton specified crystal rhinestones. Swiss quartz movement, sapphire mercury mirror in France. with Rolex, plus the same level in Europe and America! (question and answer, every level to promote. high!) night, more than TV broadcast a rolling advertisement, called \Wang Yu Cao Gang intern reporter that \screen. Friends called him \His \His \He 忽悠 laughed. \Crystal Diamond, \Yesterday afternoon, this reporter visited a number of the world watches and diamond stores, \Swiss movement as long as 10 dollars core is Houzong Jiang stressed the \Industry sources, but relies on \\by France's top sapphire crystal scratch does not take in any case. He also took out a knife forced virtually scratch the spot, and even drill out to prove that the surface of the \An \\a sapphire crystal mirror, asking price of about 2,000 yuan \0.061 karats of diamond pieces not worth the money, \He also \\When she hear to add a 0 after the decimal point, shook his head in disdain, said: \11 × 0.06 克拉 the equivalent of 0.66 carat is not it? \limited edition watches might purchase large amounts Last night, the reporter called Laosi Dan Burton direct phone, order the classic 2980 yuan's Laosi Dan Burton really boring watch. 26,breitling for bentley, the operator said, as a non-advertising time, can not enjoy the discount, only the original price of 8,000 yuan to buy. Reporter pretended great demand, \She then said to the headquarters of application, can hope to get the price. \\. \Hou total mean, the so-called \Not 66, but the N × 66 blocks. N the number of representatives to play, loop play, nature might purchase large amounts. Drill more than 400 lums not \In addition to usual roar of \\Tung Wah Group of diamonds store an old Master said: \\room, and some even made of glass, costs only pennies. Our 2003 release of \A lot of TV shopping ads \They may be in the \Right now, \These ads are almost carved out of a mold, the practice of using high-bombing, high-repetition of the tactics to attract eyeballs. Use positive, sensational language, people resist. Why they can be high density, long time in the broadcast? Is the motive. A TV ad manager said, and now many television advertising time filled up, rather than let them idle time, rather than \Prime-time television advertising to high prices; the morning and afternoon sessions so cheap, as long as 1,000 yuan per minute, or even a few hundred dollars. These illegal advertisements are generally \\TV shopping companies and production enterprises into by prior agreement, the industry rule is to take the three into a production enterprise, as part of the profits must go into commission \The cost of the product itself is not high, the company invested is spent on advertising and TV shopping programs. TV and other media have become the real winners, even some of the media on TV shopping programs had dependency. Formerly known as Hou Hou Xingzu total since 2001 in Taiwan, Eastern shopping channels selling Laosi Dan Burton, an instant sensation, recently moved to the mainland. June 14, CAPE his Sina blog, bursts of two articles, in response to questions. He said: \He said in a blog that he has 6 years as a brand manager. \\days, the flow exceed 10 million. Hou questioned the total to users, attributed to poor TV shopping environment. Since August 1 last year, drugs, medical devices, breast enhancement, weight loss, increased the TV shopping program product, in the suspension of all programs broadcast on radio and television. Hou always said: \Han Jisheng, only happy. \Hou total landing shortly after the mainland, the Internet has attracted many \They call themselves \Many of the \One day, in the flickering light in to the comic star of the total Hou. \Some other friends does not agree, retorted: \a. \I'm sorry! \broke more than a dozen films. \sure to be off the hook for! How much do you think? as long as 2,980 yuan! a total of only 66 watches,breitling bentley, and if you miss, then I congratulate you, you can not buy a. \

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